Chain Mail Jewellery & Accessories by Angie Mack

Tutorial: Half Persian 3-in-1 Chain Mail Weave

This tutorial has a lot of images – please be patient if it takes a few moments to load.

Although I don’t recommend attempting a Half Persian weave for the first one you learn, I decided to make 3-in-1 my first tutorial for a few different reasons – the main one being that it was the cause of a bit of frustration for me for a little while and I thought that if I made a tutorial while I am still very conscious of each step (rather than waiting until it became second nature), it might make for an easier-to-understand tutorial for those who may be grappling with it.

I will try to keep the steps as basic and thorough as I can so that it may hopefully still be used by complete beginners, but this tutorial does assume some basic, prior chain mail experience (opening and closing rings etc). I’ve also made it quite image-heavy in the hope that being able to see the progress from different angles will help make things clearer – NB my photography is not quite up to scratch (it’s extremely difficult taking photos of things I need two hands to do), which is another reason my explanations are as detailed as I could make them.

First up, requirements.

  1. 2 pairs of flat nosed pliers (essential for any mailler – ensure they they do not have any teeth and that they are comfortable to use).
  2. A bunch of ringsΒ  – the amount you need will depend on the project you have in mind, but it’s always good to have more than you need. For this tutorial, I am using 18 gauge (1.2mm thick) 3/16s. 3/16 refers to the inner diameter, which is roughly 4.75mm. This makes the aspect ratio just under 4. I’m using aluminium rings in two different colours in order to make what I’m doing easier to see, with the new rings added into the step tinted gold. I strongly suggest using aluminium rings to learn this weave as it is soft enough to get a decent closure with one hand.
  3. Patience – it doesn’t matter how easy someone makes something look, learning something new always involves a little trial and error plus practice. (Whenever I get frustrated with a new weave I’m trying to learn, I set it down and do something else for a while).

Step One

Start with at least 6 open rings and 7 closed rings. You may wish to open/close more than that in advance, but I recommend at least that many so that you don’t have to interrupt the weave before it becomes stable.

Place two closed rings on an open ring and close it.

At this point, you need to arrange the rings the correct way. Turn the two rings to the right, so that they overlap and the ring on the left is above the ring on the right, as pictured.

Now you need to take hold of the right-most ring (fingertips is fine) and twist it downwards – basically flip it vertically 180Β° so that the top of the ring goes to the bottom, but ensure that it is still underneath the left-most ring.

It should look like the picture below.

You can see that each green ring faces one another with an inward slant, a bit like this / \

Step Two

Now we need to add the next set of rings.

You can see that where the two lower (green) rings overlap, there is an ‘eye’ shape. You now need to pass a new ring through that eye without passing through the silver ring.

To make this step easier, I keep hold of the start of the chain so that I do not lose the arrangement. I place one closed ring on an open ring, then pick it up with my pliers.

Ensure that you have gripped the open ring in a firm and comfortable way, and that the pliers are positioned in a spot that will allow you to manouvre the new, open ring through the set of rings you have arranged.

The open ring is attached from the right and comes up through the eye. Most importantly, you need to ensure that it does not pass through the third (silver) ring. The following two pictures show the new ring added – the first one without the closed ring attached, the second one with the closed ring attached.

Here is the same stage from a top-down view. Remember that while I am actually doing this, I hold the start of the chain so that the arrangement isn’t lost.

Step 3

The next step is to get that ring closed. Continue to hold the chain so that you keep the rings in the correct position, then using either your pliers or fingers, rotate the open ring so that the opening is in a position where you can use the pliers to grip both sides.

Position the pliers at each side and squeeze just firmly enough to get the ring closed.

This doesn’t have to be a perfect closure, just good enough to continue working on the chain – you can go back once it’s stable and neaten the closures. Also, once you have a clear idea of how this weave is formed, you’ll have a better idea of how to keep it that way and can then use materials that will have to be closed using two hands.

You should now have a set of rings that looks like the picture below.

If the new, closed ring on the end is in the incorrect position like mine is, you will need to re-position it so that it’s underneath the ring before it. You may also need to flip it 180 as you did with the first one so that it has the right slant. Once everything is in the right position, it should look like this – I’m showing it from three different angles so that you can see the arrangement as clearly as possible.

Step 4

Adding the next ring set is slightly trickier than the first ring set, as the eye that you need to pass the new ring through is a bit more condensed because it has more rings at each side.

Again, while continuing to hold the arrangement of rings so far firmly in place, pick up another 1 open / 1 closed ring pair. The process is exactly the same as the previous step, it’s just that the eye opening will be a little narrower. Again, it’s important that the open rings you add do not pass through anything except the two rings that form the eye. Once you’ve passed the new ring up through the eye, you should have something that looks like this.

And when correctly arranged with all rings in the right position, it will look like this.

I close this ring the same way I closed the previous ring, keeping hold of the chain so that the arrangement isn’t lost.

You can see the pattern quite clearly now, and at this stage I would consider the chain stable enough to be set down. If you don’t feel confident to do that just yet, another ring set or two will definitely make the chain stable enough. From this point onwards, it is simply a matter of adding ring sets until the chain reaches the required length, and you can now quite safely let the chain go and use two hands and two sets of pliers to close the newly added rings.

When your chain has reached the desired length, you finish it off by simply adding one last open ring without putting a closed ring on it.


I hope this tutorial has helped you learn this fantastic and very versatile weave – if you have any questions, comments or suggestions about this tutorial, please feel free to leave a comment – I’ll respond as soon as I can.



15 responses

  1. Tami

    Dear Am,
    Great tutorial! I’ve managed to do it thanks to you.


    December 23, 2012 at 4:09 am

    • Thanks, I’m glad the tutorial helped. πŸ™‚

      December 23, 2012 at 10:02 am

  2. Joy

    Thanks to your tutorial I think I’ve mastered this weave. I’d tried from other sources and got lost but was able to follow this without any trouble! πŸ™‚

    April 8, 2013 at 1:00 am

    • Thanks πŸ™‚ I’m glad it was able to help. (Hopefully I’ll be able to update it soon with better photos!)

      April 8, 2013 at 1:42 am

  3. Jean Twigg

    Thank you! Thank you! Thank you! I tried many tutorials for this but yours is the only one I’ve managed to follow πŸ™‚

    July 3, 2013 at 8:58 pm

    • No problem – glad it helped πŸ™‚

      July 3, 2013 at 9:14 pm

  4. David Huerta

    how many rings would you use for a wrist thats about 7 inches

    October 30, 2013 at 5:43 am

    • That’s a little difficult to answer as it would really depend on the size of the rings being used. As a general rule, the chain should be around the same length of the wrist before the clasp is added, and if using the same ring size as in the tutorial, it would take 40-45 of each colour, or up to 90 rings total to reach 7 inches.

      October 30, 2013 at 8:52 am

  5. Faile Telcontar

    Thank you! I have now managed this with larger 1cm zinc rings – this is the only tutorial I have been able to follow past the safe waters of Euro 4 in 1. Now to try it with my 1/4″ coloured rings ready for Christmas presents….

    November 22, 2013 at 11:47 pm

  6. Pingback: How to Make a Persian 1 in 6 Chainmail | Culture - Popular Question & Answer

  7. whyyouneed myname

    Guess I’m the only one that thinks these tutorials are VERY hard to follow… sorry – out of focus photos, confusing patterns.. not easy to follow at all.

    November 19, 2014 at 12:26 pm

    • Cheers for the comments – I doubt you are the only one who didn’t find this tutorial useful, just the first to say so πŸ˜‰ it was my first attempt at making one so I’m quite sure there’s plenty of room for improvement. The thing I’ve found, however, is that different tutorials work for different people. I read, followed and watched many HP 3-1 tutorials before I finally got it, and it may be that a combination of different aspects, perspectives and instructions or ideas is what did the trick, or it may be just that one that finally made it click for me, either way, if mine contributes in any way to someone being able to learn, I’m happy enough.

      November 19, 2014 at 12:51 pm

  8. Helen

    Thanks for the more explicit tut on is! I was fighting it for several hours, knowing it wasn’t correct & I found your tutorial & viola I made it finally! Thank you so much.

    January 26, 2015 at 1:49 pm

  9. julie

    Thank You so much!! I finally got it, thanks to your wonderful tutorial. Great written instructions and pictures. I must have tried at least a dozen or more tutorials before I tried yours. It took me about 3 tries with yours and about 15 minutes to get it! Thanks again.

    February 25, 2015 at 5:12 am

  10. This was so very helpful. Thanks so much.

    April 30, 2015 at 3:43 am

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